The painkiller tramadol is used to treat mild to moderately severe pain. Only those who anticipate a constant need for pain relief should use the extended-release tablets and capsules of tramadol. The group of drugs known as opiate (narcotic) analgesics includes tramadol. It functions by altering how the nerve system and brain react to pain.
In addition to tablets and liquid forms, extended-release (long-acting) tablets and capsules are also available for tramadol. The normal tablet and solution are typically taken as needed, every 4 to 6 hours, with or without food. Each of the extended-release pills and tablets needs to be taken once daily. Every day, take the extended-release tablet and extended-release capsule at roughly the same time. You can take the extended-release capsule with or without food if you’re taking it. You should either take the extended-release tablet with meals or without food if you’re taking it. Tramadol should be taken as prescribed. Never increase the dosage of your medication or take it more frequently than once a day.
Uses for Tramadol HCL
Prior to beginning tramadol treatment and each time you receive a refill, read the medication guide that your pharmacist has provided. Ask your physician or pharmacist if you have any queries.
If you need pain treatment, take this drug by mouth as prescribed by your doctor, typically every 4 to 6 hours. This medication can be used with or without food. Taking this medication with food may help if you experience nausea. Consult your physician or pharmacist about additional methods of reducing nausea (such as lying down for 1 to 2 hours with as little head movement as possible).
Use a special measuring tool or spoon to precisely measure the dose if you are taking the drug in liquid form. Avoid using a regular spoon because you could not get the right dosage.
It is recommended to take painkillers as soon as the first indications of pain appear. The drug might not function as well if you wait until the pain has gotten worse.
Your physician might advise you to also take long-acting opioid drugs if you experience persistent pain (such as arthritis-related pain). In that situation, this medicine might only be used occasionally to treat abrupt (breakthrough) pain. Additionally, acetaminophen and ibuprofen or other painkillers might be administered. About combining tramadol safely with other medications, see your doctor or pharmacist.
If you have used this drug often or in high dosages, stopping it suddenly may result in withdrawal symptoms. Your doctor might gradually reduce your dose to prevent withdrawal. If you have any withdrawal symptoms, such as restlessness, mental/mood problems (such as anxiety, difficulties sleeping, or suicidal thoughts), watering eyes, runny nose, nausea, diarrhea, sweating, muscular aches, or abrupt changes in behavior, call your doctor or pharmacist straight away.
What specific safety measures should I take?
- If you have an allergy to tramadol, any other opiate painkillers, any other drugs, or any of the substances in tramadol products, let your doctor and pharmacist know right once. Request a list of the components from your pharmacist.
- Any of the following monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors, including isocarboxazid (Marplan), linezolid (Zyvox), methylene blue, phenelzine (Nardil), selegiline (Eldepryl, Emsam, Zelapar), or tranylcypromine, should be disclosed to your doctor or pharmacist (Parnate). If you are now taking any of these drugs or have in the last two weeks, your doctor probably won’t let you take tramadol.
- Tell your doctor about any herbal medications you are taking, notably tryptophan and St. John’s wort.
- Inform your doctor if you have paralytic ileus, a blockage or constriction of your stomach or intestines, or any of the disorders listed in the IMPORTANT WARNING section (condition in which digested food does not move through the intestines). If you suffer from any of these diseases, your doctor could advise you to avoid taking tramadol.
- Inform your doctor if you experience or have ever experienced seizures, a spine or brain infection, a problem urinating, or thoughts of injuring or killing oneself. also liver or kidney disease.
- Describe to your doctor if you are nursing a baby. Tramadol should not be taken while nursing a baby. Tramadol may result in irregular or noisy breathing, shallow breathing, disorientation, unusual tiredness, difficulties nursing, or limpness in breastfed babies.
What negative effects might this medicine have?
Side effects from tramadol could occur.
- uncontrollable shaking of a part of the body
- muscle tightness
- changes in mood
- heartburn or indigestion
- dry mouth
Some adverse effects may be severe.
- difficulty swallowing or breathing
- swelling of the eyes, face, throat, tongue, lips, hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs
- agitation, hallucinations (seeing things or hearing voices that do not exist), fever, sweating, confusion, fast heartbeat, shivering, severe muscle stiffness or twitching, loss of coordination, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
- nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, weakness, or dizziness
- changes in heartbeat