The drug azithromycin belongs to the group of drugs known as macrolide antibiotics. It acts by preventing bacterial development. Colds, the flu, or other viral diseases cannot be treated with antibiotics like azithromycin.
Certain bacterial infections, including bronchitis, pneumonia, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), infections of the ears, lungs, sinuses, skin, throat, and reproductive organs are treated with azithromycin. Disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection, a form of lung infection that frequently affects patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), is another condition for which azithromycin is used to treat or prevent. Azithromycin 500 mg tablet is in a class of medications called macrolide antibiotics. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria.
Colds, the flu, or other viral diseases cannot be treated with antibiotics like azithromycin. Antibiotic overuse raises the likelihood that you’ll get an infection later on that is resistant to antibiotic therapy.
How to use azithromycin:-
Before beginning to take azithromycin and each time you receive a refill, read the Patient Information Leaflet, if one is available from your pharmacist. Ask your physician or pharmacist if you have any queries.
As prescribed by your doctor, take this medication by mouth once a day with or without a meal. If you have stomach discomfort, you may take this medication with meals. Your medical condition and treatment response will determine the dosage.
Take this antibiotic at regular intervals for optimal results. Take this prescription at the same time(s) every day to make it easier for you to remember.
Even if symptoms go away after a few days, keep taking this medication until the entire advised dosage is gone. If the treatment is stopped too soon, the bacteria may be allowed to continue to develop and the infection may recur.
If taken concurrently, antacids containing aluminum or magnesium may reduce the absorption of azithromycin. Wait at least two hours before or after taking azithromycin if you take an antacid that contains aluminum or magnesium.
Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, or loose stools can happen. Inform your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if any of these side effects persist or get worse.
Keep in mind that your doctor has recommended this medication because they believe it will benefit you more than it will harm you. Many users of this medicine report no significant negative effects.
In the unlikely but serious event that any of the following side effects develop, contact your doctor right away: changes in hearing (such as diminished hearing, deafness), eye issues (such as drooping eyelids, blurred vision), difficulty speaking or swallowing, muscle weakness, and indications of liver issues (such as unusual fatigue, persistent nausea/vomiting, excruciating stomach/abdominal pain, yellowing of the skin or eyes, dark urine).
If any of these uncommon but dangerous adverse effects manifest themselves, seek immediate medical attention: rapid or irregular heartbeat, extreme drowsiness, or fainting.
Rarely, a serious intestinal disease brought on by the bacteria C. difficile may be brought on by this medicine. This condition could develop during treatment or several weeks to months after it has ended. If you experience diarrhoea that doesn’t stop, abdominal or stomach pain or cramping, or blood or mucus in your stool, call your doctor immediately away.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any allergies before taking azithromycin, as well as any allergies you may have to other antibiotics (such as erythromycin, clarithromycin, and telithromycin). Inactive chemicals in this product have the potential to trigger allergic reactions or other issues. To learn more, speak with your pharmacist.
Inform your doctor or pharmacist about your medical history before using this drug, especially of: liver illness, kidney disease, a specific muscle problem (myasthenia gravis).
A disease that alters the heart rhythm could be brought on by azithromycin (QT prolongation). Rarely, QT prolongation can result in fast/irregular heartbeat that is significant (rarely fatal) and other symptoms including acute dizziness and fainting that require immediate medical intervention.
Drug interactions could alter how your medications function or raise the possibility of major negative side effects. All probable medication interactions are not included in this document. Keep a list of everything you use, including herbal products, prescription and over-the-counter medications, and provide it to your doctor and pharmacist. Without your doctor’s approval, never start, stop, or change the dosage of any medications.
Apart from azithromycin, many other medications, such as amiodarone, chloroquine, disopyramide, dofetilide, dronedarone, hydroxychloroquine, butizide, pimozide, procainamide, quinidine, and sotalol, among others, may influence the cardiac rhythm (QT prolongation).